AFRICAN INTEGRATION

Thematic Area: 
Research in this area looks at various aspects of the political economy of economic integration in Africa from the systems of innovation (SI) perspective. From a broad SI approach integration in Africa may be seen as the transition from national to regional (supra-national) systems. Integration is analysed at various levels, ranging from the convergence of science, technology and innovation (STI) institutional frameworks, through trade, investment and the intra-regional mobility of people, to full monetary and legislative unions. The main underlying theme in most studies dealing with integration initiatives in Africa is that economic and political integration is necessary to break the political/economic fragmentation inherited from colonialism.

Journal Article

2014
Geci Karuri-Sebina, Rasigan Maharajh, Alinah Segobye, Alioune Sall.
Keywords: Africa | African integration | Journal Article | Rasigan Maharajh
2013
Mario Scerri

This paper develops and applies a concept of modes of innovation to the issue of economic development and the integration of African economies. This concept, which is located in the systems of innovation approach to economic dynamics, is first developed in the context of the development of capitalism. It is then applied to the evolution of African systems of innovation over three periods...

Keywords: African integration | Journal Article | Mario Scerri
2013
Mario Scerri

This paper develops and applies a concept of modes of innovation to the issue of economic development and the integration of African economies. This concept, which is located in the systems of innovation approach to economic dynamics, is first developed in the context of the development of capitalism. It is then applied to the evolution of African systems of innovation over three periods...

Keywords: African integration | Journal Article | Mario Scerri

Selected Books, Chapters and Reports

2012
Erika Kraemer-Mbula and Thomas Pogue

The main objective of the ERAWATCH Analytical Country Reports 2010 is to characterise and assess the evolution of the national policy mixes in the perspective of the Lisbon goals and of the 2020, post-Lisbon Strategy. The analysis is focused on the national R&D investments targets, the efficiency and effectiveness of national policies and investments into R&D, the articulation...

Keywords: African integration | Erika Kraemer-Mbula | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports
2010

The Institute for Economic Research on Innovation (IERI) at TUT celebrates five years, and with this, an achievement of having provided research, capacity building, and community engagement. The latter forms part of the strategic direction of our University in caring for the underprivileged, the upliftment of people and the economic and social development of the Southern African region.

Keywords: African integration | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports
2009
Hans Binswanger-Mkhize, Alex McCalla and Praful Patel

The purpose of the Africa Emerging Markets Forum is to discuss the continent’s economic and social challenges and to share ideas for better results on the ground. This paper focuses on the performance and potential contribution of agriculture development, first looking at the current constraints and then setting out some suggestions for the way forward.

Over the past 50 years, the...

Keywords: Africa | African integration | Agriculture | Markets | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports
2008
Hans Binswanger-Mkhize and Alex McCalla

We undertake this task in a period of optimism about the prospects for Africa and for African agriculture. Per capita economic growth is now above three percent, and per capita agricultural growth above 1 percent. Armed conflicts are down to five from 15 in 2003. Democracy has advanced significantly. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) now has faster progress in its business environment than the Middle...

Keywords: African integration | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports
2006
William Blankley, Mario Scerri, Neo Molotja, Imraan Saloojee (eds)

The formulation of the concept of a national innovation system (NIS) emerged from an evolutionary account of the economics of technological change that had arisen in opposition to the established neoclassical orthodoxy. The principal defining feature of the new paradigm was its emphasis on specificities as opposed to the universality assumed the the neoclassical account of technological change...

Keywords: African integration | Mario Scerri | National System of Innovation | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports
2006
Michael Aliber, Marie Kirsten, Rasigan Maharajh, Josephilda Nhlapo-Hlope, and Oupa Nkoane

This paper is a synthesis of the July 2005 Development Report published by the Development Bank of Southern Africa, Human Sciences Research Council and United Nations Development Programme (DBSA, HSRC and UNDP). The Report asks why, if the origins of economic dualism are rooted in the cheap, forced, migrant labour introduced by the mining industry and reinforced during apartheid, does dualism...

Keywords: African integration | Rasigan Maharajh | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports
2006
Institute for Economic Research on Innovation (IERI)

South Africa enters its second decade of freedom as a united, non-racial and nonsexist democracy. Centuries of foreign colonial rule and decades of apartheid colonialism had impacted on the political economy and the socio-economic fabric of the country. The resultant racial, gender and spatial imbalances, largely recognised as legacies of an abhorrent past, persist albeit in diminishing forms...

Keywords: African integration | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports
Mammo Muchie

Central to the peculiarities of the evolution of modern higher education, research and knowledge in Africa, is the lack of indigenous authenticity and identity. This is in spite of historical records which show that, before Africa’s subjection to the colonial technology of rule, there were recorded histories of indigenous higher learning in Timbuktu and other parts of Africa. This higher...

Keywords: African integration | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports
Mammo Muchie and Angathevar Baskaran

Harnessing science and technology and fostering innovation has become imperative to address underdevelopment and poverty particularly in the developing world. This is increasingly so in the context of globalised and knowledge economy. AJSTID is a multi-disciplinary and refereed international journal. As there is no journal with special focus on science, technology, and innovation in Africa,...

Keywords: African integration | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports
Mammo Muchie and Erika Kraemer-Mbula

The liberation of South Africa from white minority apartheid rule formally ended the formal political decolonisation of Africa as a whole. South Africa has the biggest economy in Africa, in fact 30 % of the economy of Africa as a whole. Its own size relative to other economies is no larger than that of the economy of Hong Kong, but when looked at in relation to Africa it has a very big economy...

Keywords: African integration | Erika Kraemer-Mbula | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports
Mammo Muchie

Central to the peculiarities of the evolution of modern higher education, research and knowledge in Africa, is the lack of indigenous authenticity and identity. This is in spite of historical records which show that, before Africa’s subjection to the colonial technology of rule, there were recorded histories of indigenous higher learning in Timbuktu and other parts of Africa. This higher...

Keywords: Africa | African integration | Knowledge | Research collaboration | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports | Training

Malawi needs to focus on exports to maintain and broaden its current inspiring levels of economic growth. Consequently, the focus of future policy should be on reforms that improve competitiveness in global and regional markets. This does not require a fundamental shift in direction, but it does require a rebalancing of policy and expenditures to support an outward oriented development...

Keywords: African integration | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports
Mammo Muchie

This paper starts with incredulity first. Whilst doing some research for this paper, I came across members of the top political elite from Zaire to Nigeria often taken as ‘kleptocrat extraordinaire’ to be also in the forefront in denouncing rent-seeking and corruption with an equal ‘extraordinaire’ flair and completeness at the same time. Some might ignore their stance as cynical and self-...

Keywords: African integration | Selected Books, Chapters and Reports

Presentations and Other

2012
Garth Williams
  • Policy context
  • Local Innovation
  • Africa Agenda in the Ten Year Innovation Plan
  • Regional Integration
Keywords: African integration | International Seminar | LIPS | Presentations and Other
2011
Rasigan Maharajh
  1. Introduction
  2. Innovation and Development
    1. Generation
    2. Acquisition & Assimilation
    3. Diffusion
    4. Constraints & Enablers
    5. Coordination
  3. Contemporary Context
    1. Connectedness
    2. Economic Participation
    3. Health & Gross Domestic Product
    4. Research & Development...
Keywords: African integration | Economic Development | Knowledge Utilisation | Presentations and Other | Rasigan Maharajh
2011
Lawrence Tshivhase

Outline of oral presentation:

  • Introduction and background of study
  • Objectives of study and research questions
  • Literature review
  • Construction Industry Development Board
  • Study design, sample size and sampling techniques
  • Results of data analysis
  • Recommendations
Keywords: African integration | doctoral workshop | Presentations and Other | SARChI Research Seminar
2011
LHM Seke
  • "Africa is very poorly represented in the space science. Space technology is advancing at an increasing pace, yet most African countries lack the human, technical and financial resources to utilise existing space-based infrastructure for even the most basic applications in meteorology, communications and natural resource management". (NEPAD, 2006:45).
  • Funds invested on...
Keywords: African integration | doctoral workshop | Presentations and Other | SARChI Research Seminar
2011
Abdelrasaq Nal
  • There is a growing interest in the influence of growth poles on development in other regions
  • The phenomenon itself does not represent anything new
  • Since the advent of interactions among nations there have been development consequences for participants
  • For much of recent history, these developments were driven by the trio of Europe, US and Japan
  • Current...
Keywords: African integration | Presentations and Other
2011
Manager M Muswaba

Outline of the oral presentation:

  • Introduction and background of study
  • Research problem
  • Research objectives
  • Methods and materials
  • Results of study
  • Recommendations
  • Limitations of study
Keywords: African integration | doctoral workshop | Presentations and Other | SARChI Research Seminar
2011
Geci Karuri-Sebina
  1. What main elements and patterns can be observed and described as defining a township socio-economy in South Africa?
  2. How has conventional LDA approached and defined these township socio-economies?
  3. What differences or gaps exist between the township socio-economy observations and the LDA representations?
  4. How can the systems of innovation approach contribute to (...
Keywords: African integration | doctoral workshop | Presentations and Other | SARChI Research Seminar
2011
Medicine Magocha

Introduction

  • The thesis focus on iks in SA and Zim and how it is applicable to modern day agri-business activities
  • People are deprived from applying what they know in agri-businesses
  • The motive of this research is on the application of iks in African agricultural businesses towards the production of a complete product for Africa
  • There is...
Keywords: African integration | doctoral workshop | Presentations and Other | SARChI Research Seminar
2011
John Berchmans Byamukama
  • Tourism targeted as one of the key sectoral drivers for economic development and transformation in South Africa
    • Rogerson, 2004
    • Tosun, 2002
    • Ferreira and Harmse, 2000
    • Rivette-Carnac, 2006).
    • Archer, 1995
    • Henry and Deane, 1997
    ...
Keywords: African integration | doctoral workshop | Presentations and Other | SARChI Research Seminar
2011
Paul Marivate
  1. Introduction Theoretical Frame work
  2. Rationale for the Study
    1. Objectives of the Study
    2. Research Methodology
    3. Data gathering and Administration
  3. Focus Group Comments and Recommendations
  4. Conclusion
Keywords: African integration | doctoral workshop | Presentations and Other | SARChI Research Seminar
2010
Martin Bell

The Main Steps

  1. Clarification of terms
  2. The basic argument
  3. Design-and-Engineering in innovation systems
  4. D & E capabilities in developing countries
  5. D & E: a core component of innovation systems?
  6. D & E activities widely neglected in policy
  7. Building D-&-E Capabilities on Africa
Keywords: African integration | Presentations and Other
2010
Bengt-Åke Lundvall

I have followed the short history of IERI from the very beginning and I am impressed by

  • The scientific and policy related output
  • The international positioning in global networks
Keywords: African integration | Presentations and Other
2010
Mammo Muchie

My PhD supervisor Professor Freeman, in the Foreword to our book: Putting Africa First said: “Especially at this time of global economic instability, this work is needed more than ever to protect science and education from inept and misdirected programmes of ’structural adjustment’ and to put the last first. Then the stone that the builders rejected may indeed become the cornerstone of the...

Keywords: African integration | Presentations and Other
2010
Estherine Fotabong

It is with delight that I accepted to give some few remarks at the launch of the book “Innovation and the Development Agenda” edited by our two sisters of Africa: Dr Erika Kraemer-Mbula (Equatorial Guinea) and Dr Watu Wamae (Kenya).

Keywords: African integration | Presentations and Other
2008
Hans Binswanger-Mkhize and Alex McCalla
  • Changing international landscape
  • Economy Wide Growth And The Bottom Billion
  • Agricultural Growth
  • Opportunities And Challenges For African ARD
  • Key Issues And Opportunities
Keywords: Africa | African integration | Agriculture | Erika Kraemer-Mbula | Presentations and Other | Rural development
2006
Rasigan Maharajh and Thomas Pogue
  • Socio-Economic Development implies continuous improvement in the well-being and standard of living of the people
  • SA signed, ratified and acceded to most international human rights and development instruments
    • UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
    • International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
  • Sustainable Development and...
Keywords: African integration | Presentations and Other | Rasigan Maharajh
Mammo Muchie

Higher education, universities, research, knowledge and training in Africa suffer largely from lack of internal support from the Governments (with a few exceptions) and an external indifference and neglect particularly since the 1980s. Universities in Africa have not come out of the woods yet! In 2003 we wrote a book entitled: Putting Africa First: the Making of African Innovation Systems...

Keywords: African integration | Presentations and Other

IERI Working Papers

2010
Erika Kraemer-Mbula and Mammo Muchie

The innovation systems literature has provided a useful framework to analyse the linkages of firms and other organisations with both domestic and foreign actors. Although the concept of innovation systems was originally developed at the national level (Freeman, 1982; Nelson & Winter, 1982; Lundvall, 1985; Nelson, 1988, etc), the literature has expanded rapidly over the years. Since its...

Keywords: African integration | Erika Kraemer-Mbula | IERI Working Papers
2010
Angathevar Baskaran, Ju Liu, and Mammo Muchie

Whenever people think of FDI flows, the traditional assumption is that the investment flows from MNCs in the developed economies to either other developed economies and/or to the developing world. Now, a new trend has emerged owing to the process of globalisation. That is, FDI from the emerging and developing economies such as China, India, South Africa and Brazil is flowing to both developed...

Keywords: African integration | China | Developing economies | IERI Working Papers | India | Outward FDI | South Africa