- Post-apartheid Reform
- Sector and System Characteristics
- Innovation System Performance
- Conclusion: Enduring Challenges For Higher Education & the Innovation System
National System of Innovation
The formulation of the concept of a national innovation system (NIS) emerged from an evolutionary account of the economics of technological change that had arisen in opposition to the established neoclassical orthodoxy. The principal defining feature of the new paradigm was its emphasis on specificities as opposed to the universality assumed the the neoclassical account of technological change.