Tshwane University of Technology (TUT), along with Stellenbosch University, is co-host to the Centre of Excellence (CoE) in Scientometrics and Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (SciSTIP).
This paper explores innovation in rural health care systems in remote or marginalised areas where limited public health care is available. To overcome this challenge and satisfy the universal demand for health care, populations in remote rural areas often rely on multiple private providers that deliver services based on various sources of knowledge (both traditional and modern sciences). Rural healthcare is thus a versatile and dynamic sector which includes a variety of economic activities.
The purpose of this paper is to re-examine the role that benchmarking can play in rural and agricultural innovations. Although generally known as ‗traditional sectors‘, rural activities are far from static but rather driven by old and new challenges pleading for innovative responses. Despite the broad range of insights from the burgeoning literature on innovation systems during the last decade, most benchmarking thinking and practice still remains highly science-based and centred in promoting public R&D, especially in developing countries.
The contribution of innovation to social and economic progress of developing countries is widely recognised. Governments and other actors are actively seeking to increase the firms' ability to deliver successful innovation to multiple sectors, particularly those related to emerging technologies - such as ICTs.
This evaluation assesses progress towards achieving the expected outcomes of Strategic Programme Objective 4, and how progress might be enhanced through improving programme policy, design and delivery.
Science and technology have driven huge leaps in knowledge, powering economic and social development around the world. As a result, the last decades have witnessed the fast and profound transformation of our natural, social and productive environments. However, the benefits of such profound changes have been unevenly distributed. Uneven development is manifest in unequal access to knowledge, resources, energy, markets, health and education.