Improving local development analysis through the systems of innovation approach: A case of townships in South Africa

Geci Karuri-Sebina
  1. What main elements and patterns can be observed and described as defining a township socio-economy in South Africa?
  2. How has conventional LDA approached and defined these township socio-economies?
  3. What differences or gaps exist between the township socio-economy observations and the LDA representations?
  4. How can the systems of innovation approach contribute to (supplement, complement, or combine with) planning LDA to give an enhanced explanatory / analytical framework for township socio-economies?
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